"We will not have any more crashes in our time"
~John Maynard Keynes 1927
There are so many interesting financial forecasts and prophecies from the Wall Street Crash era and the Great Depression era. They serve as a reminder to me that those people who are looked to as expert sources of information and leadership can often lead us up the garden path. Our own judgement and discernment are just as likely to be useful in helping us plan our way forward as those of our experts and leaders. Probably more so.
It is often repeated that those people who managed best during the Great Depression were people who had their own basic resources; shelter, food gardens, orchards, water, chickens etc, and managed these resources well.
Because Permaculture is a design process based whole systems thinking, I find it a very useful approach in developing an "insourcing" lifestyle. A lifestyle where we increasingly become the producers of our material needs rather than being merely consumers.
In part 2 of Permaculture and your Bioregion I would encourage you to take some time to consider the hours of sunlight in your area at various times of the year, as well the wind patterns that predominate in your area at different times of the year and extremes in weather that you experience.
Knowing the hours of sunlight at various times of the year is information that is important to gather for the design planning process., whether that is designing for growing conditions of for a house building project. If you live in Australia, you can find information here.
Here is what my average hours of daily sunlight are for each of the months.
Now some people may think that the highest hours of sunlight per day would be November, December and January as that are our summer months. However I am guessing that the difference is due to our rainy season usually sets in after Christmas. So we probably have lots of overcast days that affect the hours of sun recorded by the Bureau of Meteorology.
Which directions do your cold winds come from? From which direction do your cooling summer breezes arrive? Are there times of the year that strong winds affect the health and growth of your plants. Do you need a buffer from hot summer winds? Of course you can discover this information where you live through observations made through a period of 12 months, and it is probably best to keep some notes. The Bureau of Meteorology can help you to find out this information for your local area.
When working on this subject I found researching the local topography most interesting. Some of the information I discovered included.
The majority of our bioregion has a low profile - less than 20 metres in elevation, and is divided my many rivers and creeks which form a system of interconnected estuaries. Habitats within the estuaries include; seagrass beds, low mangrove forests, salt marches, salt flats, closed heath communities and beach ridges. Tidal energy moves sediment around within the Estuary which is an important catalyst of habitat within the Estuary.
Surface soil is sandy and poor with low nutrient content. Underneath the surface soil along the coastal strip runs Cainozoic sedimentary rock. The rock provides recharge for aquifers, streams and rivers. In some areas the soil has a high magnesium content which leads to the soil hard setting, which causes water run off instead of allowing penetration and this can lead to erosion.
There are remnant turpentine/bloodwood woodlands in the area.
I have learned so much about our bio-region that gave me many 'aha' moments when preparing the permaculture design for our property. Because I can now look around when I am travelling around our local area and identify topography, flora, fauna, dominant weather conditions etc, I can identify the interconnectedness of things and feel myself connected to my environment in a much deeper and more fundamental way.