Saturday, 5 September 2015

A Stroll Through The Orchard In Spring

"On both sides of the house was a big orchard, one of apple-trees and one of cherry-trees, also showered over with blossoms; and their grass was all sprinkled with dandelions." 

~L. M. Montgomery

Apple Blossom

I took some photos while walking around the orchard last weekend, and wanted to share them with you.

Our apple tree shown above, was planted about 2.5 years ago.

It is hard to see in this photo because of the netting, but this is a photo of our mulberry tree which is bearing fruit now.

We have just finished harvesting our last crop of lemons and the tree is already in flower again.

Our mandarin tree is covered in flower buds.....

....... and so is the lychee tree....

......and the mango trees.

It certainly is a lovely time of year.

Tuesday, 16 June 2015

Filling the tank

"We will need to have made the transition from oil dependency to other forms of energy. We will have to find new sources of food and ways of producing it that don't rely on today's quantities of fertiliser, water and soil....If we fail to address any one of these issues effectively, our economy will face an inevitable and almost fundamental crisis. The only unknown then will be how quickly the system fails."

~Dick Smith 
Dick Smiths Population Crisis

My husband mentioned to me that he heard on the news this morning that petrol prices are set to rise, in the biggest quarterly increase seen in over a quarter of a century. 

For most of us this means we will have less money left in our budgets. 

I wonder will the petrol price rise stop at this level, or will it continue to increase? Will prices drop again any time soon? Does this mean that everything that is produced using oil - like our food - will now go up on price? What are your thoughts on the subject?

Tuesday, 9 June 2015

Housework Routine - Part 3

'Well, now, there is one very excellent, necessary, and womanly accomplishment that no girl should be without for it is a help to rich and poor, and the comfort of families depends upon it. This fine talent is neglected nowadays, and considered old fashioned, which is a sad mistake, and one I don't mean to make in bringing up my girl." 

~Dr Alec
Eight Cousins
By Louisa May Alcott

The accomplishment Dr Alec was describing to his niece Rose in this wonderful novel by Louise May Alcott, was that of housekeeping. The young Rose was very surprised that her uncle held something so ordinary in such high esteem. Later in the conversation he referred to housekeeping as the "most beautiful as well as useful of all the arts a woman can learn." There is a lot involved in learning to become "a skillful, frugal cheerful housewife; the maker and keeper of a happy home." This is the attitude I work at maintaining with regard to my house keeping and why I am trying to re-create a housework routine that helps maintain order in my home and peace in my heart, and creates the space both physical and mental for other important life activities. 

So in part 2 did you wonder why I never mentioned cooking dinner? That is because my husband and I both cook dinner. Sometimes he cooks, and sometimes I cook, sometimes we cook together, and other times we have leftovers. If I am not cooking dinner in the evening I try and get something else done, as you will see in my routine below. Sundays are not included in my schedule as I try to keep Sunday as quiet and slow as possible. So listed below are my scheduled chores that are in addition to my daily routine. 

Menu plan
Cook Dinner/Dusting  

Cook Dinner/Fold Washing and Tidy House

Cook Dinner/Clean a window/Clean a ceiling fan
Write shopping list
Wash Towels - this is in addition to the daily load of washing

Grocery Shopping
Cook Dinner/Ironing
Wash Sheets - yes I have a bottom and a top sheet. I know it is quite trendy to go without a top sheet these days but I don't have time to wash and dry a doona/duvet  or quilt cover every week.

On Friday we usually have an easy dinner like toasted sandwiches.

First and Third Saturday of the month
I spend a lot of time in the garden and I try and catch up on some reading.

Second Saturday of the month is baking day.

The fourth Saturday of the month is a general catch up. On this day I may also visit op shops, garage sales or markets.

Well, I think that just about covers my home keeping routine. 

Monday, 8 June 2015

Housework Routine - Drudgery or a Supportive Framework Pt 2

"Your kitchen is directly related to your ability to attract money. Keep your pantry and refrigerator organized and full of fresh food you actually use. To attract more money, keep the stove clean every burner must work and be used equally. Lastly, remove all clutter from the kitchen table.

~Feng Shui consultant Suzanne Metzger.

In part one of this post I wrote how I find a routine is a supportive framework that enables me to  look after my home and keep my life organised. It also safeguards  the things I hold dear, because I allow time in my routine for things that are important for my future self; like exercise and study, and for things that nourish me like craft and reading. And as can be seen from the above quote regarding Feng Shui and one's home, the way I manage my home-keeping duties could even affect my prosperity. 

This is what I would love to be able to say my routine looks like. Oh, if only I were able to get that much done in so short a time! My routine is very different and at the same time nothing remarkable. You may remember when I first wrote about establishing a routine I wrote that if the new three weekly routine wasn't the right routine for me I would review and change it. Well that has turned out to be the case and I have made some adjustments. However I will share my routine as it is now.


Make the bed.
One load of washing.
Vacuum the house
Wipe over the bathroom basin and laundry sinks in the evening, using baking soda. Don does the kitchen sink.
Wipe over shower walls with a squidgee and spray with Method daily shower spray. This only takes a couple of minutes after a shower.
Exercise on the treadmill
Water the vegetable garden - truthfully Don usually does the watering. But I keep it on my list in case I need to follow up on it instead.
Spend a bit of time working on a crochet or knitting project at night. This helps me wind down and relax before going to bed.

Now I don't always achieve this every day. Remember I am trying to create new habits here. However if I only vacuum the lounge and kitchen today, and the bedrooms tomorrow, and the rest of the house the day after that, then that is OK. Now aside from my daily routine, there are things I do on certain days, and I will write about that part of my routine in my next post.


Saturday, 6 June 2015

Australia's Aged Care System is Changing

From July 1 the aged care system in Australia will change. This may be of interest to you if you use aged care services or home and community care (HACC) service; or a carer for someone who uses these services.

The Commonwealth Home Support Program will commence operation on this date. You can read more about it here.

On this date too, all Home Care Packages will become consumer directed care packages. 

Further information on these changes can be found on the My Aged Care website and on the Department of Social Services website.

Thursday, 4 June 2015

Obtain a Yield

"You can't work on an empty stomach"

This is the next installment in my discussion of the 12 principles of permaculture. This time I am sharing my thoughts on the third principle, Obtain a Yield.  Please go to this link  for my thoughts on principle two. For expert information about the principles of permaculture you may like to check out the website of David Holmgren who formulated the principles. 

In a self-supporting household all systems need to be designed to be productive in some manner. 'Obtain a yield'  encourages us to hone in on the practical. This is illustrated by the proverb "You can't work on an empty stomach."  However when someone is hungry they need food now, not at some future point in time when the crops we may have planted are ready for harvesting. So another way of obtaining a yield would be sharing in the productivity of others such as through a local community supported agriculture programs, time banks, or bartering.

What we do now to obtain a yield

We grow some of our own fruit. Mulberries, lychees, mangos, starfruit, passionfruit, mandarins, and lemons are what we have been able to harvest  so far. We have also been harvesting chokos, a vegetable my husband really enjoys. Unfortunately a few days after I planted my zucchini seed and my bush bean seed we had terrific  downpours of rain which seems to have washed away the seeds that were planted. The strawberry plants I planted around the same time as the seeds were eaten down to nothing by unidentified culprits. Our tomato plants are still growing well.

My husband enjoys fishing which is a hobby that obtains a yield. I am also beginning to obtain a yield with my hobbies of knitting and crochet. 

What we would like to add in the future to obtain a yield

We would like to keep chickens in the future both for the eggs and for the fertility of the chook manure. I really want to have a Dexter cow at some point in the future.   I would like to keep bees and harvest some of the honey they produce. I also planned to include an aquaculture set up but our neighbour told me he is working toward having a big aquaculture set up and in time we can barter some of our produce for fish. Having neighbours who use the terms self-sufficiency and organic gardening is a great source of happiness to me.

What other people have done

Horticulturalist Peter Cundall has always been, for me, an inspiration for obtaining a yield. Many Australians would remember Pete’s vege patch sited in the Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens.  Countless people would have been assisted in obtaining a yield thanks to the practical instruction in organic vegetable growing provided by this man. This in turn means that Peter’s yield has included countless of organic gardeners.

Are you familiar with permaculture? How do you apply the principle obtain a yield in your life?

Tuesday, 2 June 2015

Canada Day

I have prepared an arm chair travel to Canada activity program  and I thought I would share it on my blog. It may be of interest to home-schooling mums  or carers.

Canada Day is celebrated on July 1.  

Arm chair travel is a leisure and educational activity used by   not for profit community organisations and schools. The basic premise is being a tourist without leaving home so to speak. The usual activities included in an arm chair travel are a DVD on the country you are visiting, perhaps eating some of the cuisine from the country and discussing the culture.  DVD's can usually be sourced from local libraries.  Though I must admit if I was using this as part of a home schooling lesson for girls I would be using the Anne of Green Gables DVD. Of course this is centred on Prince Edward Island, and not on Canada as a whole but it would be an introduction to a long cherished piece of Canadian literature. The program I prepared includes word games and simple craft activities. The craft activities can be done on the day or in advance if you were wanting to decorate your place for Canada day.

Decorations and Craft activities

There are so many interesting blogs on the web sharing their lovely home-made Canada Day decorations. Some of these blogs include downloadable PDF patterns for bunting  as shown on this great site Botanical Paperworks and other decorating ideas. A Little Pixel is another great site well worth checking out and it has some lovely Canada Day decorations.  

I am also planning on using a template of a maple leaf which can be printed out. Some can be left white and others can be painted in red. These can then be cut out and used as decorations around the place.

Word Games

There are many sites on internet that provide word games. For instance, this link will take you to a Canada anagram word game, a word search and a word mining activity. 

Together we are Canada Poem

This is a great little  poem listing the Canadian states and a bit about them

Sunday, 31 May 2015

What Sherri Did - in May 2015

All man's miseries derive from not being able to sit quietly in a room alone.
~ Blaise Pascal

In General

Life is getting busier and busier as the year goes on. I am experiencing less time to sit quietly alone and think. As an INFJ personality type I NEED my down time. However I know and trust that on this carousel of life, I will come around again to the point where things will slow for a time. And then I will enjoy some time to sit quietly in a room alone and ponder the universe and its themes.

As mention in this post, I attended a women's workshop in May. The following weekend my sister, niece and I got together to make vision boards for ourselves.  We enjoyed our play time very much. After we packed up all the gear we used for making our vision boards, we played board games. Then later on we worked on our knitting and crochet. 

What I have been reading

The 5:2 Diet Recipe Book, published by Bounty Books.

13 Things Mentally Strong People Don't Do by Amy Morin

The Sugar-Free Kitchen published by Parragon Books

What I have been watching

Back to the slave pen? Does your day job ever feel like you have been penned? This is a short extract of a video interview with Scott Nearing. 

Best of the Web

I was so excited to find this article on 14 easy ways to bring more flavor to your food. Why didn't they teach me these things in Home Ec at high school? Perhaps they did and I forgot. 

The article above mentioned 'brunoise' and I didn't have a clue what that was, so I did some research and found these instructions on how to dice, julienne, brunoise and batonnet. Which just goes to show that one is never to old to learn new skills. 

I think these bath bombs are a great idea.

I found this article on the mindset of millionaires interesting especially the bit toward the end of the article about fear motivating them to try harder. 

After reading this article I have been keeping my eggshells to put around my plants in the garden.

Is the middle class disappearing? The results of this Gallup survey shows that fewer Americans are identifying as middle class.

I took a trip down memory lane with this post on the Transcontinental hotel. My first job was in an office in a building on the other side of the hotel. In the photo of the hotel as it is today you can see a brown brick building next door. There used to be a second hand/antquarian bookshop in that building. I think it was called Hollywell Street Bookstore. It was in this shop I bought a certain book written by John Seymour that left a lasting impression on me.

Permaculture Studies

I have submitted my paper on appropriate technologies. For this paper I looked at upgrading the irrigation system on our property. 

I am working, working, working on animal profiles. I have to complete ten profiles in all. It is a lengthy, time consuming assignment. 

Monday, 25 May 2015

Housework routines - drudgery or a supportive framework?

Creating a home - one with soul, personality and as sense of history - is a journey, rather than a project.
~Wendy Moore

I have been thinking for some time of writing on the topic of housework routines. Why? During the year some of the blogs I follow have written about how they are trying to implement routines. Other blogs have had clean alongs - like Rhonda's pantry challenge earlier this year. Some of the blogs I follow have lamented that we seem to have less time than our grandparents had in their day. All these topics tend to make me think about routines in general and my routines in particular.

I find it particularly interesting when people hark back to the 'good old days'.  I have read a lot of literature from the late 19th century to the mid 20th century, and the themes are the same that we talk about today. Too much stress and worry, not enough time, not enough money, insecurity.  So why do we speak of the 'good old days?" Is it merely nostalgia? 

 Could the reason we  seem to have less time than our grandparents did is because we are spoilt for choice?  All our time saving appliances provide us with more free time, but we have so many more options than our Grandparents had.  And because of this we don't get the chance to slow down, because there is so much more we want to do, be, and have. The lives of our grandparents were simpler, not easier, just more basic. Too, looking back it seems to me they had less, not more, in the way of support than we do today.

What I do know is that women and men of former times  followed routines much more than we do today. In our world we seem to try and fit things in where we can rather than have an established routine. I see a housework routine as a framework upon which the rest of my activities can rest or lean upon. Something that gives me support and provides structure to my day. Sarah Ban Breathnach wrote "We want our lives to feel limitless, so we must learn the art of creating boundaries that protect, nurture and sustain all we cherish." For me having a housework routine is part of creating those boundaries.

Since mentioning last month that I have drawn up a new routine for myself, I have had requests to share my new routine. I will share this new routine in Part II of this post.

Monday, 18 May 2015

Preparing a property base map - Part 2

"They depend utterly on vastly complex organizations, on fantastic machinery, on larger money incomes. What if there is a hold-up, a breakdown, a strike, or unemployment? Does the state provide all that is needed? In some cases, yes; in other cases, noMany people fall through the meshes of the safety net; and what then? They suffer; they become dispirited, even despondent. Why can't they help themselves? Generally the answer is only too obvious: they would not know how to; they have never done it before and would not even know where to begin." 
~Dr E.F. Schumacher

The above quote and the quote from part one both come from the forward of the 1976 edition of John Seymour's Complete Book of Self-Sufficiency. I bought a copy of this book many years ago and I cannot count the hours I have spent over the years staring at the illustrations of the one acre holding and the five acre holding. 

Dr Schumacher could have been writing about me in reference to me preparing a base map of my property. I did not know how to, had never done it before, and did not know where to begin.

In the end  drawing up the base map was not too complicated, but did take a lot of time. In permaculture design before getting to the point of creating a design, a base map is completed. The base map shows everything on the property as it is currently before any designing is started. Essentially the base map is a proportional, visual representation of your landscape.  The base map is where you note all the information gathered in the analysis phase, for example soil types and pH, slope of the land, and the different sectors - fire, predominant wind directions etc. And the base map is the launching pad for the design you want to create.

I have had a bit of a set back though - in the photography department. I was intending to post a photo or two of my base map. Even though my base map looks very clear on paper when I take photos of it they turn out very faint and indistinct. However as I promised last month here is an account about how I prepared my base map.

My supplies were graph paper - mine had five mm squares, pencil, rubber, ruler, calculator, and a tape measure.

The first step is to measure the lengths of the boundaries of the property. If you have a property or title map the boundary lengths should be shown on the map. If you don't have a property or title map you can use Google Earth to obtain the measurements if you know how to use that application. Failing that you could use a tape measure to determine the length of your boundaries.

Now you have the measurements you can draw an outline of your property on the graph paper. My property is a long thin perfect rectangle  - by perfect I mean the two longest boundaries are the same length and the two shortest boundaries are the same length. This made it nice and easy to draw, using my ruler to give me a straight line.

First draw a line to represent the longest boundary of your property.  My longest boundary is 281 metres. Once you have drawn that line measure how long it is on your plan in centimetres. Mine was 39 centimetres. Then divide the length of the actual boundary by the length of the drawn boundary and that is your scale. In my example I first multiplied the 281 x 100 to convert the metres to centimetres - 28 100 centimetres. So 28 100 centimetres divided by 39 centimetres = 720.5 centimetres. And that is my scale 1 cm: 720.5 cm. 

Of course you could choose to use a basic scale of 1:10 or 1:50, depending on the size of the area you are working on. If you used a scale of 1:10 it would mean every centimetre on your map would equal 10 centimetres in your garden. 

 So once you have your scale you can draw the other boundaries by dividing their measurements by the scale of your map. For example my short boundaries measure 80 metres or 8 000cm. By dividing 8 000 cm by 720.5 cm I get 11.1 cm. This will be the length of the short boundary drawn on the map.

Using your scale you can measure and plot on your base map everything that currently exists on your property, trees, gardens, clotheslines, house, pathways shed etc. 

So for an example if you wanted to put your garden shed on the base map you would measure the shed to get its dimensions. Then measure in from two of your property boundaries to plot the shed's location. Then using your scale you would plot that location on your map. 

Of course I had to put a lot more into the site map including direction of prevailing winds, soil pH, the direction the water flows across the property and so on. So as I indicated earlier it is very time consuming to produce but well worth the time spent in my opinion. 

Monday, 11 May 2015

The Wisdom of the Women

A wise woman wishes to be no one's enemy; a wise woman refuses to be anyone's victim.
~Maya Angelou

On Saturday I was privileged to attend a woman's workshop run by Uniting Care Community. The workshop was designed to lead participants in the discovery and exploration of our heart's dreams and desires. It was a small, relaxed gathering consisting of five participants and two workshop leaders.
 The workshop was extra special because my sister and I attended together. With one accord we participants sat around in a circle and created a nourishing, safe space for each other. A place we could open up and each provide a witness to the other; quietly affirming each others struggles and triumphs. 

We practiced mindfulness and the workshop leaders guided us through relaxation and meditation exercises. These activities led group members to individual insights which we were invited to share with the group.

We were led to connect with our inner selves and the values we hold most dear. We were reminded of the importance of the mind/body connection. Our stresses fell away, and we became absorbed in re-discovering our inner vision and direction.

My favourite exercise of the day was where we explored our wise selves. Firstly we entered a relaxed and meditative state. Next we were guided to ask ourselves "Where is my inner wisdom?" We were told to pay attention to where we were directed in our bodies, to where our inner wisdom dwelt. I assumed my wisdom would be in my heart and was surprised to find my hand resting on my throat. We were then told to acknowledge to our selves that "this is my inner wisdom, this is the part of me that knows".  We were told to take notice of images that came to us. I tried to dismiss the first image that came to my mind. The image was my lap top and I judged this image as not being an image of my inner being. Then I felt that the image was relevant as it pictured the access I have to the 'world wide web' within; my inner wisdom, guidance, intuition, and the answers that come to me through prayer. I also saw lots of blue, aquamarine and ultramarine during this meditation. After we came out of our meditative state we wrote a reflection in our workbooks and created a visual representation of our inner wisdom using drawing, words and collage.

This is the second time I have taken this workshop. I took the first back in 2013. At that time I was inspired to write in my workbook the words 'Thrive through thrift.' 

I still have a lot of material in the workbook to complete, and I will do this over the next few weeks. 

I spent Sunday studying permaculture. I hope everyone had a lovely weekend.

Monday, 4 May 2015

In My Garden In May, 2015

"When you see the world as part of yourself, you will take care of it.  When you see yourself as part of the world, you will be taken care of."

We ended April with heavy rain that will be very good for the garden. The hot, sultry days have passed making it possible to enjoy mornings and afternoons spent in the garden. I hope wherever you are, you have found some time to spend in the garden connecting with nature.

Here is my list of things I would like to do this month in the great outdoors.

In general

While I need to make sure my lychee tree does not dry out, I can taper back the water on the plum tree as it defoliates. The passionfruit can be watered less now too.

This year I will remember not to worry if the leaves on my gardenia plants start to yellow. Apparently this is a normal reaction to cold weather and once the warm weather returns the leaves will green up again.


I would like to plant some bush bean seeds and some lettuce seedlings.


I have some citrus gall that I would like to prune out of my trees. 


May is the month  I apply compost to our choko vine to give it a bit of a boost. It has been flowering and tiny fruit are forming. I didn't manage to fertilise the mango trees last month so hopefully I will get it done this month.

Pests and Diseases

I will check the lychee for erinose mite. If I do find any signs of the mite I will try a spray made from Lux flakes. Gardener (and local government Councillor), Tom Wyatt talks about erinose mite in this video. 

What are you planning to do in the garden during May? 

Friday, 1 May 2015

What Sherri Did - April 2015

"…the primal cause of that inconvenient dissatisfaction is the feeling that you are every day leaving undone something which you would like to do, and which, indeed, you are always hoping to do when you have "more time"; 
~ Arnold Bennett

In General

Time has just flown this month. I don't feel like I got much done, hopefully I will do better next month as my energy levels should keep improving. I had my first visit to the hairdresser since my hair has grown back. It was only for a light trim and I had a few very fine foils put through my hair in brown and blonde. I asked for the foils to be subtle and to blend in, as I still haven't made up my mind whether I am going to stay gray or go coloured. I don't really want the bother of having to re-colour every three or four weeks to hide re-growth now that my hair is all gray. I decided that now was a good time to try a new hairdresser and I must say she understood what I asked for and gave me exactly what I wanted. So I was very happy and will go back to her again.

I have my vegetable garden beds set up, filled with soil and ready to go. I added some of my home made compost to the beds. I have planted my zucchini seeds and my tomato seeds as well as some tomato seedlings. I have also planted two strawberry plants.

I have done lots of weeding, and fertilised the citrus and the plum tree (I think it is a plum tree it hasn't fruited as yet)  . Don gave the biggest mango a pruning. We harvested lemons and lots of passionfruit. 

I have been wanting to put an order in with either Diggers or Green Harvest, but haven't had the time this month.

What I have been reading

The Google +Guide by Scott McNulty - I am reading this book as I am thinking about setting up a google+ page. I like  the idea of having circles and being able to share different things with different circles. I also like the idea of hangouts - video chats with people in a circle - I thought it might be a good way of catching up with family and friends. So If you have a Google+ page please let me know what you think the pros and cons are.

Thrift by Samuel Smiles - I am loving this book though I am making my way through it slowly.  I just wish I could find the time to spend more time reading.  At the rate I am reading this book it will be on my reading list for a while.

An Unfinished Marriage by Joan Anderson. This is the third time I have read this book in the last 10 years. Back in February I re-read A Year By the Sea.  It is a candid memoir of an 'unfinished woman'  spending a year living by herself in the family holiday home in Cape Cod. In the second book in the series, An Unfinished Marriage, the author and her husband are rebuilding and re-configuring their lives and their marriage. Both these books are full of gentle wisdom, which is why I enjoy reading them, and have returned to them yet again.

What I have been watching

I found this video on making 'plarn' very interesting. I would like to make some plarn and use it to make a bag for shopping. However that project will have to go to the bottom of a very long list of things I want to make.

Best of the Web

I thought this idea on making your own house numbers from Gentle Joy Homemaker, very lovely.

I also really liked these book slings.

Permaculture studies

I completed and submitted my base site map. I have started the next unit of study in this course and am now looking at appropriate technologies and animals that can be included in our system.

How was your April?

Monday, 27 April 2015

Preparing a property base map - Part one

"In the modern world, during the last hundred or so years, there has been an enormous and historically unique shift: away from self-reliance and towards organization. As a result people are becoming less self-reliant and more dependent than has ever been seen in history. They may claim to be more highly educated than any generation before them; but the fact remains that they cannot really do anything for themselves." 
~Dr E.E. Schumacher

Wallum wildflowers

Right now in my permaculture studies I have reached the point whether the rubber hits the road. I am preparing my site assessment base map. To reach this point I have had to do quite a bit of preparatory work. The course requires participants have access to a client site, so assessments and plans can be carried out. For this course my husband and I are the clients.

So to reach this point I had to:

  • Develop an understanding of permaculture ethics and principles and how they can be applied to a given situation
  • Understand the client's needs - so looking at what we need and want from our property - our wish list as it were.
  • Demonstrate a knowledge of: -
    • Food miles - including what food can be sourced locally
    • Ecological footprint
    • What is really in the food we buy at the supermarket; this included looking at :
      • The extrusion process used to make packet cereals 
      • What happens to the nutrients in raw milk when it is processed
  • Develop a client brief
  • Develop a plant database of plants that will grow in the area
  • Create a list of the plants that the "client" wants to grow on the property
  • Plant profiles
    • Fifteen full length plant profiles
    • Mini plant profiles for the rest of the plants from the list of what the "client" wants to grow on the property. Why oh why did I list so many plants? This assignment took me forever to complete. But will prove to be a great resource in moving forward.

Old tobacco shed

And because permaculture is applied ecological design, I also had to:

  • Demonstrate a knowledge of
    • Climate change
    • Peak oil
  • Prepare an in-depth study of my bio-region
  • Examine and reflect on the eco-systems present on my property. This included considering energy flows, food chains and webs.
  • Study habitat, plant successions, plant stacking and disruptions to eco-systems
  • Make compost using the hot composting method

And in a repeat performance presenting the very popular Cyril the snake

In part 2 I will outline the steps I used to create my base map.